About Us

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The Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority (USPA) is one of the largest state enterprises, which has strategic importance for the economy and security of Ukraine.

The USPA was founded in 2013 as a result of the maritime industry reform of Ukraine to manage state property in the seaports and to use it efficiently, create mechanisms to attract investments in the port infrastructure for its development and stable business performance. There are other tasks of the USPA, like maintenance of the passport depths of the ports’ water area and ensuring safety of navigation, etc.

The USPA is part of the management of the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine and unites Ukrainian seaports and other infrastructure objects, contributing to the development and competitiveness of each of them. The structure of the enterprise consists of the head office in Kiev and the main representative office in Odessa, Delta-pilot branch and 13 branches in the seaports of Ukraine:

Industry News

Ukrainian grain trading company Nebulon is to invest $2 billion to build new grain silos and transportation barges in Egypt’s Nile Delta region, the Egyptian supply ministry said on Sunday. The silos would be erected on two sites near the Alexandria and Damietta ports, and 20 barges would be built each with a capacity to transport 2,000 tonnes of grains along the river, the ministry said in a statement. The first phase of the investment, under a recent agreement, would begin in the next two years, it said, without elaborating. REUTERS
The first international conference MONEY & PORTS – 2017is held on October 26, 2017, in Odessa. Venue – ‘Bristol’ Hotel. Organizer – ‘Ports of Ukraine’ Publishing House. Co-organizer — World Bank Group (the project of the International Financial Corporation ‘Reforming the investment climate in Ukraine’, funded by the Government of Switzerland).With the support of the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine. At the conference, for the first time in the maritime transport industry, the problems of the flow of funds in the market of port services in Ukraine will be comprehensively analyzed and highlighted. The discussions of especially acute topics will take place in the format of paneling and a «round table.» AMONG THE TOPICS OF THE CONFERENCE: - Value analysis of the Ukrainian port services market.— Port dues: the strategy of changes and the methodology for calculating rates.— The share of port services in transport logistics.— Evolution of tariffs for loading and unloading operations in the seaports of Ukraine.— Dynamics of the additional services charges in the ports of Ukraine.- The price of bureaucracy.- How much does the seaport cost? Foreign experience and domestic analogies.- Money for the development of port facilities: where to get?- How to optimize costs when designing and building a new terminal.- Losses due to restriction of competition or abuse by monopolists. — The financial side and the inevitable risks in the activities of the port agent in Ukraine, etc. COST OF PARTICIPATION IN THE CONFERENCE – 270 EUR. PROVIDED DISCOUNTS:  for registration of two representatives from one company — 10%;  for registration of three or more representatives from one company — 15% The conference will provide opportunities for fruitful communication between the leaders of transport companies, cargo owners, traders, financiers, carriers, terminal operators, marine agents, freight forwarders; representatives of state structures. It will be interesting for «land» businesspersons and potential investors who are just eyeing the market. We have prepared an attractive system of discounts for you. Details and registration at: www.money.portsukraine.com Organizing Committee: Ph.: +380 (482) 37-38-82, fax: 37-38-35. E-mail: \n This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  
OnJuly 7, 2017, the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine, State Enterprise “Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority” (USPA), State Enterprise "Commercial Sea Port “Chornomorsk” will present the project: “Investment opportunities: Chornomorsk seaport” within the framework of Grain Ukraine conference. In particular, we will discuss the implementation of an investment project on the basis of the 2nd terminal of Commercial Sea Port “Chornomorsk” during the presentation. The Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine Volodymyr Omelyan, Director of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in Ukraine Sevki Acuner, President of the American Chamber of Commerce in Ukraine Andriy Hunder, representatives of leading Ukrainian and International agricultural companies, investment banks will be among the speakers of the International Conference «Grain Ukraine».
“The Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine continues negotiations with strategic investors,” Volodymyr Omelyan, the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine, said during the meeting with the delegation of Hutchison Ports led by Mr. Clemence Cheng, the Executive Director of Hutchison Ports, which took place in Kyiv on May 15, 2017. The parties discussed prospects for Hutchison Ports, one of the world's largest port operators, to enter SE "Commercial Sea Port «Chornomorsk». The next day, on May 16, the delegation of Hutchison Ports visited SE "Commercial Sea Port «Chornomorsk» and, together with Nadiya Kaznacheyeva, Deputy Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine, Raivas Veckagans, acting CEO of Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority (USPA) and Director of SE "Commercial Sea Port «Chornomorsk» discussed prospects for the implementation of the port’s strategic development plans, that imply increasing cargo volume, preservation of workplaces, introduction of advanced technologies in the port. Volodymyr Omelyan noted that the Ministry is working on a draft Law on concession, which preliminary draft will be presented by the end of May. «Not only port operators, but also investors in other sectors have been looking forward to this draft Law. Therefore, our task is to draft a comprehensive document, that will boost Ukraine’s investment attractiveness and facilitate operations of the world's leading companies in our country,» the Minister stressed. Volodymyr Omelyan also said that the Ministry, together with the USPA and management of the port, are working to assist «Hutchison Ports» to enter Port of Chornomorsk by the end of the year. «We want to restore foreign investors’ trust in Ukraine. Therefore, we suggest that all disputes be resolved through international arbitration. This should be an effective tool for the protection of foreign direct investment and eliminate any ambiguity in relations,» the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine said. mtu.gov.ua
Minister of Infrastructure, Volodymyr Omelyan, during his business trip to Odessa, said that two tenders for dredging in Yuzhny port were transparent, top world companies specializing in these kind of work took part in bidding. «The new management staff of the Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority cooperates with the business and consultations with the business community are always held before the decision-making. Two tenders for dredging, which were recently held in Yuzhny port, were carried out in that way. We have written out all tender requirements jointly with the European Business Association and the American Chamber of Commerce. We attracted the world's leading companies working in the field of dredging to participate in this tender. None of the companies had complaints. According to preliminary estimates, we saved at least 400 million UAH for the budget. I hope the relevant agreements will be signed by May 20th» – said the Minister. Volodymyr Omelyan also said that USPA plans to allocate funds for repair of hydraulic structures in 4 or 5 ports. «This has never been done in Ukraine. Unfortunately, the USPA has been a cash cow as for the government as well as for individuals for many years. Starting from this year, we have pledged funds for hydraulic engineering, we will do our best to attract the world's largest private port operators. It is strange to see resistance regarding allowing companies entry the market, as they create additional jobs. DP World, Hutchison Ports plans not only to rent the capacities of state-owned enterprises, but also to develop territories, the processing of raw materials, the export of value-added products from Ukraine, and the generation of profits in Ukraine. This has never been done,» – said the Minister of Infrastructure. «We want to make sure that our country is investment-attractive; as a result, Ukrainian people will have the opportunity to get jobs in high-tech industries.» Reference:Currently, the USPA is implementing two independent dredging projects at Yuzhny port. There is the dredging of the approach channel and the water area at the berths № 5–6 as part of the project. The next stage of works will be bringing the depth to 21 m. The contractor is China Harbor Engineering Company Ltd that was determined during the tender. The cost of the project is 586.045 million UAH, which is 253.560 million UAH less than the expected cost. According to the requirements of the law, the agreement between the parties must be signed before the end of May 2017. Terms of the project – 2017–2019. The second project anticipates the creation of water approaches with a depth of 19 m and an operating water area with a depth of 16 m near berth № 25. New capacities will ensure the operation of one of the largest grain loading complexes in Ukraine, which is being built by Cargill. The agreement with the contractor, China Harbor Engineering Company Ltd, will also be signed in May 2017. The cost of the project is 1,064 billion UAH., it is planned that the work will be completed in March 2018. mtu.gov.ua

USPA News

On 19th September, 2018 in Kiev, the International Finance Corporation (IFC) held a conference for potential participants of the upcoming contests for the selection of the concessionaire in ports of Olvia and Kherson. Representatives of more than 25 Ukrainian and foreign companies (USA, China, France, Switzerland, Great Britain, Japan, Turkey, Qatar, Korea) came to Kiev to get acquainted with the presentation of feasibility studies of the projects.. The feasibility study of pilot concession projects was developed by the Consortium of International Consultants, formed by the EBRD and the International Finance Corporation (IFC). The opening of the conference was attended by: the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine Volodymyr Omelyan, the Head of the USPA, Raivis Veckagans, the IFC regional manager for Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova, Jason Brett Pellmar, and the Head of Infrastructure and Energy of the EBRD in Ukraine, Mark Magaletsky. «Business is interested in concession projects of state stevedoring companies in ports of Olvia and Kherson. After the presentation of the feasibility study of the projects, we will hold more than 10 individual meetings with potential investors, where we will discuss the possibility of their participation in the concession tenders", Raivis Veckagans noted. In addition, he added that the pilot projects in Olvia and Kherson are only the first step in the transformation of state-owned stevedoring companies through public-private partnership. In the future, based on the experience of the first concession tenders, the state and investors will be able to interact more effectively when implementing similar projects in ports of Chornomorsk and Yuzhnyi. The professional interest of business in pilot projects of state stevedores concessions in ports of Olvia and Kherson is also evidenced by the composition of the conference participants. Basically it is port operators, cargo owners and international traders. All of them either have extensive experience in the port industry in Ukraine and abroad, or are interested in creating or developing their own transshipment facilities in Ukrainian ports. “This once again proves that Ukraine is becoming more interesting for investors. We strive to prepare concession projects in accordance with the best world practices in strict accordance with all norms and rules. This will allow investors to be confident in their investments and become strategic long-term partners of Ukraine. And I want to emphasize that the President of Ukraine and the Government support the modernization of infrastructure and attracting investors through the mechanism of public-private partnership. I hope that the bill on concession No. 8125 will be voted by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine in October,” said Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine, Volodymyr Omelyan. He also added that the feasibility study of the pilot projects of Olvia and Kherson was developed in accordance with the current legislation, therefore, a tender for choosing a concessionaire can be held regardless of the adoption of a new bill. Some representatives of foreign companies on the eve of the conference had time to get acquainted with the work of state stevedores in ports of Olvia and Kherson. „We’ve just returned from Kherson and Mykolayiv, got acquainted with the work of stevedores in these ports, so today's presentation of the feasibility study of the concession was twice as interesting for us. Projects, of course, deserve attention. But before making further decisions, we need to get acquainted with the conditions in detail and analyze them taking into account the peculiarities of the Ukrainian market,“ the representatives of the Nectar Group (UK) commented on the results of the conference. In turn, the participants of the conference from the Turkish company CEYGROUP — the operator of Samsun port – are considering the concession projects of the ports of Olvia and Kherson in the context of developing their business and building a single logistics chain from Ukrainian producers of agricultural products to the end user – the clients of the Turkish company. „We are already processing agricultural goods from Ukraine. The possibility of developing own transshipment in these ports will bring us closer to the manufacturer and may allow us to optimize the logistics. Some conditions for feasibility studies, for example, the number of personnel, in comparison with international benchmarks, require additional consultations. However, the projects as a whole are interesting“. Individual negotiations between representatives of the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine, IFC, EBRD, USPA and investors will continue until the end of the week.
On September 19, 2018 International Finance Corporation (IFC) will present concession projects in Olviia and Kherson seaports for potential investors who intend to participate in future bidding for the concessionaire choice. The meeting will take place in Kiev, at 13:30, at the InterContinental hotel. The Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine, Volodymyr Omelyan, the Head of the USPA, Raivis Veckagans, as well as representatives of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the consortium of consultants IFC, the project office SPILNO, who participated in the development of Feasibility study of concession projects, will take part in the presentation. As for investors, a number of national and international companies have already confirmed their participation in the meeting. USPA invites potential investors to participate in the presentation, during which participants will have the opportunity to learn the full information on the projects and ask clarifying questions. For participation, please contact: Oleg Kudashov \n This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ; Almaz Karassaev \n This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ; Dragos Savka \n This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .
The implementation of another major infrastructure project of Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority started on August 8, 2018 in Chornomorsk seaport (Odessa region). Chinese company China Harbor Engineering Company Ltd. (CHEC) embarked on a dredging on the maritime approach channel to the port and in the operating water area of the 1st bucket of the Dry Estuary. Dredging in Chornomorsk seaport will increase its competitiveness in the Black Sea basin, create conditions for the approach of large-capacity vessels with a draft of up to 14.5 m Capesize, deadweight up to 100 thousand tons and containerships with a capacity of 8 thousand TEU for existing and planned deepwater berths. «Large-scale dredging in Chornomorsk seaport is another stage in the implementation of USPA strategy for the development of Ukrainian ports. Our task is to create all necessary conditions for the effective work of all market participants – private and state stevedoring companies – to increase the flow of goods and expand the participation of Ukrainian ports in international transport corridors. Chornomorsk has an important role in the implementation of these plans," – said the head of USPA, Raivis Veckagans. According to him, development strategy of the port, in addition to dredging, provides for the reconstruction of the berthing front with increasing depths at its borders. We are talking about the reconstruction of berths No. 1–2, 11–17 with an increase in design depths of up to 15 m. Implementation of the project, developed by the basic institute of the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine „ChernomorNIIProject“, provides for not only deepening, but also expanding the approach channel. To date, the length of the channel is 1400 m, the width is 150 m and the depth is 14.5 m. After reconstruction, its parameters will be increased: length — up to 1600 m, depth — up to 16 m. In turn, dredging of the water area of the 1st bucket of the Dry Estuary will allow to reach a depth in its central part up to 15 m. The total amount of dredging in Chornomorsk port will be about 2 million cubic meters. More than 500 thousand cubic meters of soil will be raised on the approach channel, in the water area – almost 1.5 million cubic meters. Estimated duration of work on projects is from 2 to 5 months. The cost of implementing projects – 404.1 million UAH without VAT. Of these, 87.1 million UAH without VAT will be directed to dredging of the channel, and 317 million UAH without VAT – water area. For dredging in Chornomorsk, CHEC mobilized a dredging fleet consisting of 15 vessels. All of them have already arrived in the water area of the port. As previously reported, CHEC was selected for dredging operations in the port of Chornomorsk as a result of open tenders in the electronic public procurement system ProZorro. The procedure consisted of two lots, an auction for each was held on March 13, 2018. The largest world dredging companies took part in the competition: China Harbor Engineering Company Ltd. (China), LTD Novadeal (Belgium), Jan De Nul n.v. (Netherlands), Van Oord Dredgingand Marine BV (Netherlands). CHEC offered the lowest cost of work. Savings amounted to 40 million UAH or 10% of the expected value. To recall that in May 2017, according to the results of the tender, two contracts were signed between USPA and CHEC for dredging in Yuzhny port. The work under the first contract was completed ahead of schedule for three months, the second – already completed 70% of the work.
The Memorandum of Cooperation between the Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority and Qatar Ports Management Company “Mwani Qatar” was signed following the visit of the delegation of the Ministry of Transport and Communications of Qatar to Ukraine. The document aims to increase cargo turnover between countries, in particular export supplies of Ukrainian agricultural products to Qatar, as well as attracting investments in the development of Ukrainian port infrastructure. The Memorandum was signed on Tuesday, July 31, 2018, in Kyiv in the presence of the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine, Volodymyr Omelyan and Minister of Transport and Communications of Qatar, Jassim Saif Ahmed Al Sulaiti. From the Ukrainian side, the document was signed by CEO of Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority, Raivis Veckagans, from Qatar – General Director of Mwani Qatar, Abdulla Al Khanji. On the eve of signing, General Director of Mwani Qatar met with Raivis Veckagans in Odesa, where he got acquainted with work and potential investment projects in ports «Yuzhny» and «Odesa». "One of the priority directions that Qatar plans to develop in cooperation with Ukraine is the export of agricultural products. In this regard, at the meeting with Abdulla Al Khanji, we discussed in detail the concession projects of ports «Olviia» and «Kherson», which are in close proximity to the main agricultural regions of Ukraine ", – said CEO of USPA commenting on the signing of the Memorandum with Qatar. In addition, according to Raivis Veckagans, Qatar is also interested in taking part in the development of the Yuzhny port. This port, in accordance with the USPA strategy, thanks to dredging works, will be able to receive the largest vessels that can pass through the Bosphorus. In turn, General Director of Mwani Qatar, Abdulla Al Khanji, confirmed that the consultants of the Qatar company are already considering two projects in «Yuzhny» port. They also became interested in the project of passenger terminal development and the hotel in Odesa port. In the end, Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine, Volodymyr Omelyan, expressed confidence that in the near future Ukraine and Qatar will start implementation of projects in the port and aviation sector, aimed at developing transport infrastructure and expanding cooperation between two countries.
From January to June 2018, Ukrainian seaports handled 63.8 million tons of cargo, which is 3.1% less compared to the same period in 2017. The reasons for decline – off-season for the agrarians, which affected the volumes of grain cargo, and the shortage of wagons for ore. The decrease in cargo turnover in the seaports of Ukraine occurred according to two main types of cargo — grain and ore. The decrease in grain export (-10.3%) was due to a decrease in trade activity in the off-season and a high level of competition. The growth of grain transshipment in Ukrainian ports traditionally begins in July. The decrease in volume of ore exports in the first 6 months of 2018 was 26.5%. The largest decline in ore transshipment in general is recorded in Yuzhny seaport on two terminals — TIS-Ore (-34.9%) and SE “YCSP” (-20.8%). The reason for such a significant decline is the severe shortage of rolling stock (locomotives and wagons) provided by Ukrzaliznytsia, as stated by the Ukrmetallurgprom industry association. Thus, the transshipment of export cargo amounted to 46.1 million tons, which is 8.9% less compared to the same period of the previous year. The highest growth was recorded in ferrous metals 8.1 million tons (+ 16.5%), including 4.8 million tons of rolled metal (+ 3%) and 1.6 million tons of cast iron (+ 66.5%). Transshipment of import cargo increased by 18.7% and amounted to almost 11 million tons, against 9.2 million tons in January-June of 2017. Positive dynamics on imports shows such cargo as ore (+ 19.7%), transshipment of which amounted to 3.7 million tons and coal — 2.8 million tons (+ 10.7%). The cargo turnover of transit cargo in comparison with the period of the last year increased by 7.9% to 5.8 million tons. At the same time, there is a drop in transit supplies of coal, since shipments to Ukrainian ports have not been made over last three months. In the first half of the year, handling of cargo in containers increased in the seaports of Ukraine. During the reporting period, it amounted to 391 thousand TEU, which is + 11% compared to the same period of the previous year. Since the beginning of 2018, Ukrainian seaports have handled 5,848 vessels, which is 176 units or 3.1% more than in the same period in 2017. Also from January to June 2018, 177 272 passengers were transported (local – 154 128 and foreign passengers – 23 144). Most passengers used the services of water transport in ports of Odessa and Kherson. Mainly it is sea walks and internal transportation. Foreign passengers arrive to Ukrainian ports mainly by cruise vessels. The development of navigation on the Dnieper River continues. In the first half of 2018, 5 785 vessels’ passes were performed here, which is 533 units or 10.1% more than a year ago. A total of 2.96 million tons of cargo were transported along the Dnieper. 445.7 thousand tons of metal products (-0.9%), 799.8 thousand tons of grain (-12.4%), 27 thousand tons of oil products (+ 20.5%) and almost 1.7% million tons of building materials (+ 39.5%) and other cargo. With a full overview of cargo turnover for January-June 2018 in the context of the nomenclature of goods and ports, please click on the link. Information on transportation of passengers is available here. To see the data on movement of vessels and transportation of cargo on the Dnieper River for the reporting period, click on the link.

Analytics

On 31 May, the Ukranian Sea Ports Authoritiy (USPA) officially joined ESPO as an observer member. We thought this would be the perfect occasion to have an interview with Mr Raivis Veckagans, CEO of USPA, to present the Ukranian port sector, as well as himself! USPA is responsible for 13 Ukrainian seaports. What is the role of USPA with regards to these ports? What are the main characteristics and challenges of USPA?
The Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority (USPA) was established in Ukraine four years ago. The main goal of creating a new state enterprise was the division of economic and administrative functions. All strategic port assets were transferred to the USPA balance: berths, water areas, channels to which equal access should be provided as for state as well as for private stevedores. 18 separate branches were established in the Ukrainian ports. All port dues were transferred to the USPA accounts so that it could correctly allocate funds in accordance with the port development strategy and government policy of industry management. «The establishment of the USPA was the starting point in the maritime industry reform. The reform should have been not 4 years ago, but 20 years earlier. Ukraine would have a completely different situation in the ports, especially in terms of working with investors. This is the main mistake of the predecessors,» said Raivis Veckagans, the current Head of the Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority, to the CTS, adding: «It is unworthily of me to discuss the flaws of the USPA management from June 2017. Such nuance as unfair separating balances leads today to land confusion, but at the time of the USPA creation, the task of not letting down the economy of newly created enterprises was more important than the purity of the process, because many state ports did not exist on account of stevedoring activity, but port dues. Yes, there were many good projects that were never finished, but „stalled“ at a certain stage for various reasons. The pace of renewing the infrastructure could be more dynamic … But there were achievements too, such as creation of team, introduction of information systems and registers that systematize a wide range of data on port performance, simplification of the procedures for vessels handling, and point projects for dredging and repairing the port infrastructure. My task is to be a hundred times more efficient and continue the reform of the maritime industry. We are aiming to show a new quality of Ukrainian ports work — without corruption, with large-scale investment projects, favorable conditions for shippers and port workers, with new international partners, as transparent as possible. We are doing well according to the projects that have been launched this year».
Транспортный поток через Украину снижается шесть лет подряд. Ставит ли война крест на транзитной привлекательности государства? Всемирный банк регулярно публикует масштабный отчет Logistics Performance Index – рейтинг логистической привлекательности стран. В 2010‑м Украина занимала в нем 102‑е место, в 2012‑м поднялась уже на 66‑е, а в 2014‑м добралась до 61‑й строки. Однако реальные показатели работы транспорта говорят о куда менее радостной картине. Шестой год подряд Украина теряет объемы транзита. В мирном 2013 году от экспорта транспортных услуг наша страна выручила $8,6 млрд, что составляет 4,7% ВВП. Много это или мало? В Латвии, которая находится на 36‑й позиции рейтинга Всемирного банка, доходы от транзита формируют 12% валового внутреннего продукта. В отечественной транзитной выручке наибольшая доля пришлась на «трубу» – $3,3 млрд. На втором месте – железная дорога с $1,6 млрд. Но за девять месяцев 2014 года (более полных данных пока нет) украинские транзитные заработки по сравнению с аналогичным периодом 2013‑го сократились на 21%, до $4,7 млрд. Причем самый глубокий спад затронул трубопроводный и железнодорожный транспорт: минус 27 и 35% соответственно. «Укрзалізниця» – крупнейший перевозчик страны – начала терять транзитную выручку давно. В 2012‑м транзит рухнул почти на 18% в натуральных показателях. С учетом потерь 2014‑го за эти три года железная дорога лишилась почти 20 млн т грузов. Это очень много – примерно столько же прошло в 2014-м транзитом через все украинские порты. Кстати, в них ситуация не лучше: минус 9% в тоннах без учета Крыма и минус 29%, если его учитывать. Что собой представляет транзит через Украину? В 2013 году Россия была страной происхождения для каждой шестой тонны, перевезенной морским транспортом, для каждой пятой – автомобильным плюс почти 70% железнодорожного транзита и почти 100% – трубопроводного. Если добавить Казахстан, Беларусь и Молдову, то получим 95% всей грузовой базы транзита. Основные товарные группы – газ, нефть и нефтепродукты, руды, черные металлы, удобрения, продукты неорганической химии. Восточный сосед давно взял курс на то, чтобы его грузы обходили Украину стороной. Россия еще в 2012‑м приняла Стратегию развития морской портовой инфраструктуры до 2030 года, в которой обозначила задачу сократить объемы перевалки своих грузов в портах сопредельных стран. В год принятия документа через порты соседних стран РФ отправила около 100 млн т собственных грузов – 17% ее портового грузооборота. К 2015‑му эта доля должна была сократиться до 8,2%, а к 2030‑му – до 4,1%. Этой цели россияне подчинили свою тарифную, инвестиционную и регуляторную политику на транспорте. Так что дело не только в войне. Украине следовало озаботиться поиском других грузов, а также сделать свои транспортные госмонополии более дружественными к клиентам. «По нашей компании транзит снижается уже давно. С 2008 года его спад составил 81%. Причина – в неадекватной политике «Укрзалізниці», как тарифной, так и по управлению своим парком», – утверждает гендиректор экспедиторской компании «Пакобо» Василий Палко. По его словам, военные действия отражаются на транзите не очень сильно, поскольку затрагивают лишь небольшую часть территории. Тенденция характерна для всего экспедиторского бизнеса, стивидорных компаний и даже авиаперевозчиков. Например, авиакомпания МАУ после обвала курса гривны все надежды связывает с транзитом, но испытывает трудности из‑за нынешнего военного имиджа Украины. В 2013 году компания Roland Berger Stra­te­­­­­gy Consultants с центральным офисом в Мюнхене разрабатывала для Министерства инфраструктуры Стратегию развития морских портов Украины до 2020 года. Еще тогда специалисты фирмы прогнозировали, что доля транзита в портах будет сокращаться. Это связано с созданием более благоприятных условий в Румынии, Болгарии и странах Балтии, а также с развитием портовых мощностей России, отмечает эксперт компании Мария Михайленко. Литва, Латвия и Эстония смогли перетянуть на себя значительную часть грузопотоков по линии Азия – Европа. Еще в начале 2000‑х здесь начали создаваться свободные экономические зоны. Схема привела к настоящему инвестиционному буму. За девять лет работы Клайпедского порта инвесторы вложили в его развитие 230 млн евро, и за это время грузооборот порта вырос в 2,4 раза. В Рижский порт на протяжении 10 лет было инвестировано более 270 млн евро, перевалка увеличилась в 2,6 раза. Большинству украинских портов такие темпы и инвестиции даже не снились. «Потенциал Украины для морского транзита – это транзитные потоки ТRАСЕСА», – говорит Михайленко. ТRАСЕСА – межправительственная комиссия, созданная с целью развития транспортных коридоров Европа – Кавказ – Азия. Сквозное падение Но «трасековские» грузы не смогут компенсировать падение российского транзита через Украину (свыше 27 млн т с 2008 по 2014 год). Даже если ТRАСЕСА возьмет на себя всю несырьевую торговлю между странами – участницами коридора и Евросоюзом, Украина сможет претендовать примерно на половину этого объема, то есть на 6 млн т, подсчитали в Roland Berger еще до начала конфликта в стране. ТRАСЕСА нередко фигурирует в заявлениях отечественных чиновников как панацея для лечения транзитных болезней. Но в распоряжении Forbes есть исследование экспертов этой межправительственной комиссии. В нем проведено сравнение трех альтернативных транспортных коридоров: трансроссийского, или северного, трансиранского, или южного, и транскавказского. Только последний идет через Украину. Но у него оказались самые плохие показатели в отношении скорости, стоимости, надежности доставки. Более всего негативному рейтингу способствовали сложность прохождения таможенных процедур и недостаточно гармонизированная документация между странами – участницами маршрута. Казахстан, Россия и Беларусь, которые в рамках Таможенного союза максимально унифицировали свои процедуры, получили самый высокий индекс логистической привлекательности. А как же высокие оценки Всемирного банка для Украины? Его критерии связаны скорее с физическим состоянием транспортной и логистической инфраструктуры. ТRАСЕСА же оценивает маршрут комплексно. Конечно, полностью транзита Украина не лишится. Частные компании будут привлекать грузы собственными силами. Но чтобы серьезно поменять ситуацию, должно подключиться государство, вернее, несколько государств. forbes.ua

Announcements

According to the order of the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine of 06.16.2014 #255 «On closure of seaports», registered in the Ministry of Justice of 06.24.2014 № 690/25467 Ukraine closes to international shipping the following seaports, which are located on the territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea: Yevpatoriya, Kerch, Sevastopol, Feodosia and Yalta. This document was adopted pursuant to the Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of 30.4.2014 #578-p «Some issues on functioning of the sea and river transport» and in accordance with the Procedure for opening and closing the ports, approved by Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of 11/7/2013 #495.

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