Handled ships: 22

About Us

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The Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority (USPA) is one of the largest state enterprises, which has strategic importance for the economy and security of Ukraine.

The USPA was founded in 2013 as a result of the maritime industry reform of Ukraine to manage state property in the seaports and to use it efficiently, create mechanisms to attract investments in the port infrastructure for its development and stable business performance. There are other tasks of the USPA, like maintenance of the passport depths of the ports’ water area and ensuring safety of navigation, etc.

The USPA is part of the management of the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine and unites Ukrainian seaports and other infrastructure objects, contributing to the development and competitiveness of each of them. The structure of the enterprise consists of the head office in Kiev and the main representative office in Odessa, Delta-pilot branch and 13 branches in the seaports of Ukraine:

Industry News

The first international conference MONEY & PORTS – 2017is held on October 26, 2017, in Odessa. Venue – ‘Bristol’ Hotel. Organizer – ‘Ports of Ukraine’ Publishing House. Co-organizer — World Bank Group (the project of the International Financial Corporation ‘Reforming the investment climate in Ukraine’, funded by the Government of Switzerland).With the support of the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine. At the conference, for the first time in the maritime transport industry, the problems of the flow of funds in the market of port services in Ukraine will be comprehensively analyzed and highlighted. The discussions of especially acute topics will take place in the format of paneling and a «round table.» AMONG THE TOPICS OF THE CONFERENCE: - Value analysis of the Ukrainian port services market.— Port dues: the strategy of changes and the methodology for calculating rates.— The share of port services in transport logistics.— Evolution of tariffs for loading and unloading operations in the seaports of Ukraine.— Dynamics of the additional services charges in the ports of Ukraine.- The price of bureaucracy.- How much does the seaport cost? Foreign experience and domestic analogies.- Money for the development of port facilities: where to get?- How to optimize costs when designing and building a new terminal.- Losses due to restriction of competition or abuse by monopolists. — The financial side and the inevitable risks in the activities of the port agent in Ukraine, etc. COST OF PARTICIPATION IN THE CONFERENCE – 270 EUR. PROVIDED DISCOUNTS:  for registration of two representatives from one company — 10%;  for registration of three or more representatives from one company — 15% The conference will provide opportunities for fruitful communication between the leaders of transport companies, cargo owners, traders, financiers, carriers, terminal operators, marine agents, freight forwarders; representatives of state structures. It will be interesting for «land» businesspersons and potential investors who are just eyeing the market. We have prepared an attractive system of discounts for you. Details and registration at: www.money.portsukraine.com Organizing Committee: Ph.: +380 (482) 37-38-82, fax: 37-38-35. E-mail: \n This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  
OnJuly 7, 2017, the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine, State Enterprise “Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority” (USPA), State Enterprise "Commercial Sea Port “Chornomorsk” will present the project: “Investment opportunities: Chornomorsk seaport” within the framework of Grain Ukraine conference. In particular, we will discuss the implementation of an investment project on the basis of the 2nd terminal of Commercial Sea Port “Chornomorsk” during the presentation. The Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine Volodymyr Omelyan, Director of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in Ukraine Sevki Acuner, President of the American Chamber of Commerce in Ukraine Andriy Hunder, representatives of leading Ukrainian and International agricultural companies, investment banks will be among the speakers of the International Conference «Grain Ukraine».
“The Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine continues negotiations with strategic investors,” Volodymyr Omelyan, the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine, said during the meeting with the delegation of Hutchison Ports led by Mr. Clemence Cheng, the Executive Director of Hutchison Ports, which took place in Kyiv on May 15, 2017. The parties discussed prospects for Hutchison Ports, one of the world's largest port operators, to enter SE "Commercial Sea Port «Chornomorsk». The next day, on May 16, the delegation of Hutchison Ports visited SE "Commercial Sea Port «Chornomorsk» and, together with Nadiya Kaznacheyeva, Deputy Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine, Raivas Veckagans, acting CEO of Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority (USPA) and Director of SE "Commercial Sea Port «Chornomorsk» discussed prospects for the implementation of the port’s strategic development plans, that imply increasing cargo volume, preservation of workplaces, introduction of advanced technologies in the port. Volodymyr Omelyan noted that the Ministry is working on a draft Law on concession, which preliminary draft will be presented by the end of May. «Not only port operators, but also investors in other sectors have been looking forward to this draft Law. Therefore, our task is to draft a comprehensive document, that will boost Ukraine’s investment attractiveness and facilitate operations of the world's leading companies in our country,» the Minister stressed. Volodymyr Omelyan also said that the Ministry, together with the USPA and management of the port, are working to assist «Hutchison Ports» to enter Port of Chornomorsk by the end of the year. «We want to restore foreign investors’ trust in Ukraine. Therefore, we suggest that all disputes be resolved through international arbitration. This should be an effective tool for the protection of foreign direct investment and eliminate any ambiguity in relations,» the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine said. mtu.gov.ua
Minister of Infrastructure, Volodymyr Omelyan, during his business trip to Odessa, said that two tenders for dredging in Yuzhny port were transparent, top world companies specializing in these kind of work took part in bidding. «The new management staff of the Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority cooperates with the business and consultations with the business community are always held before the decision-making. Two tenders for dredging, which were recently held in Yuzhny port, were carried out in that way. We have written out all tender requirements jointly with the European Business Association and the American Chamber of Commerce. We attracted the world's leading companies working in the field of dredging to participate in this tender. None of the companies had complaints. According to preliminary estimates, we saved at least 400 million UAH for the budget. I hope the relevant agreements will be signed by May 20th» – said the Minister. Volodymyr Omelyan also said that USPA plans to allocate funds for repair of hydraulic structures in 4 or 5 ports. «This has never been done in Ukraine. Unfortunately, the USPA has been a cash cow as for the government as well as for individuals for many years. Starting from this year, we have pledged funds for hydraulic engineering, we will do our best to attract the world's largest private port operators. It is strange to see resistance regarding allowing companies entry the market, as they create additional jobs. DP World, Hutchison Ports plans not only to rent the capacities of state-owned enterprises, but also to develop territories, the processing of raw materials, the export of value-added products from Ukraine, and the generation of profits in Ukraine. This has never been done,» – said the Minister of Infrastructure. «We want to make sure that our country is investment-attractive; as a result, Ukrainian people will have the opportunity to get jobs in high-tech industries.» Reference:Currently, the USPA is implementing two independent dredging projects at Yuzhny port. There is the dredging of the approach channel and the water area at the berths № 5–6 as part of the project. The next stage of works will be bringing the depth to 21 m. The contractor is China Harbor Engineering Company Ltd that was determined during the tender. The cost of the project is 586.045 million UAH, which is 253.560 million UAH less than the expected cost. According to the requirements of the law, the agreement between the parties must be signed before the end of May 2017. Terms of the project – 2017–2019. The second project anticipates the creation of water approaches with a depth of 19 m and an operating water area with a depth of 16 m near berth № 25. New capacities will ensure the operation of one of the largest grain loading complexes in Ukraine, which is being built by Cargill. The agreement with the contractor, China Harbor Engineering Company Ltd, will also be signed in May 2017. The cost of the project is 1,064 billion UAH., it is planned that the work will be completed in March 2018. mtu.gov.ua
Volodymyr Omelyan, the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine, noted during the II Ukrainian Infrastructure Forum '17 that the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine employs all efforts in order to assist the world's leading port operators such as DP World and Hutchison Ports to enter Ukraine. «We are focused on attracting in the Ukrainian economy world’s leading port operators — DP World and Hutchison Ports. These are not fictitious companies, but real investors who are ready to invest hundreds of millions, and, perhaps, billions of dollars in Ukraine's economy. Most importantly, they will change Ukraine.» Volodymyr Omelyan stressed that the Ministry of Infrastructure has initiated changes in the road, maritime and aviation sectors: "The Road Fund was established; preparation for decentralization of Ukravtodor has been commenced; the reforming of Ukrposhta has begun; and the program of development of electric transport market in Ukraine, including electric cars, has been presented. This fall, the largest low-cost European carrier Ryanair will be flying from Kyiv and Lviv airports. We actively continue to work on preparation of concession projects in ports and expect that this year, DP World and Hutchison Ports will enter two Ukrainian ports. We have an enormous opportunity to return freight transportation on the river. This will ease the roads and renew Dnipro its status of a large and majestic transport artery.” According to the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine, JSC “Ukrzaliznytsia” that has become one of the most powerful locomotives of Ukraine’s economy requires immediate and effective reforms. “The ransport and infrastructure industries in Ukraine are spheres of opportunities for both Ukrainian and foreign investors,” Volodymyr Omelyan said. “We create new conditions for market development, increase the numbers of companies and expand their geography. Competition is the only incentive to move forward, a key to quality growth while reducing the cost of services.” Volodymyr Omelyan also stressed that implementation of infrastructure projects requires much time. "An example is the construction of Beskydy Railway Tunnel. During its construction, twelve governments have changed and two revolutions have taken place. The infrastructure projects are indeed time-consuming. We expect that Beskydy Railway Tunnel will be launched this year. " On a separate note, the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine stressed on the importance of attracting low-cost airlines in Ukraine. «We understand how important the attraction of large foreign companies such as Ryanair in the Ukrainian market is. A mere announcement that Ryanair enters the Ukrainian market has fundamentally changed the policy of domestic air carriers and airports. As a result, they are completely reviewing their development policies. We should give our citizens an opportunity to fly cheaply and safely. Air passenger traffic shows excellent growth, which confirms that the impact of public officials on business should be minimized. „ “Quality roads, modern port infrastructure, as well as cheap and safe high-speed railway are all a must-have for Ukraine. However, these are the basics. We should be ahead of the future, introduce new terms, new ideas and new industry. This follows the initiative of the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine in respect of electric cars, which we have approached as comprehensively as possible. The draft law will be registered with Ukrainian Parliament and I look forward that the relevant transport committee, together with the Ukrainian MPs will support it. We create not just new economic cluster, but production of electric cars, and give Ukrainian citizens an opportunity to become a cutting-edge nation,» Volodymyr Omelyan said. mtu.gov.ua


The Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority (USPA) announced the procedure of open tender tofinalize the construction of berth 1-z and execute dredging of the adjacent water area. The call for proposals was published in the electronic procurement system Prozorro on 9 October 2017. Both Ukrainian and foreign companies can participate in the procedure. For this purpose it is required to submit a package of documents set by USPA until 9  November 2017. Expected cost of works is 203.4 million UAH excluding VAT. The berth 1-z is designed for handling of general cargoes on the Androsovsky mole. The length of the berth will be 254 m long and the depth under the berth — 12 m. The construction works will last approximately 1 year. “Implementation of the project is carried out with the cooperation among the State and port operators, private investors and international financial institutions. The berth will be able to accommodate “Panamax” vessels, while in the rear of the berth a modern powerful grain terminal to be built. This will positively affect  the export potential of Ukraine and increase revenues from port dues to the budgets of all levels. The task of the Port of Odessa is to provide a transparent, competitive tender, with the involvement of a wide range of participants” — commented Raivis Veckagans, the Acting CEO of USPA. Recently, USPA has conducted a tender for selecting an outsourcing contractor, which would provide service for reconstruction of the berth № 7 in the Port of Odessa.
On September 27, 2017, the representatives of the Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority (USPA), as part of the Ukrainian delegation to the Republic of Korea, visited the port of Busan and the Korea Maritime Institute (KMI). Raivis Veckagans, the Head of the USPA and Wu Yeh Yong, the Head of the Busan Port Authority agreed to explore the possibilities of increasing the efficiency of using the terminals' capacities of the Ukrainian ports for import, transit and transshipment. Also agreed to determine the investment opportunities of domestic ports for Korean business. Busan is the largest port of the Republic of Korea, which handled nearly 20 million TEUs. KMI will also be involved in the joint work, which is a global player in the market of research and design in the marine industry. In addition, KMI has expertise in the development of master plans for the ports development. This experience is extremely important for Ukraine in the context of harmonizing the development of the cargo front in ports with access roads. «The expansion of international contacts through cooperation with the ports of developed countries and the World Bank allows the domestic port industry to take into account the current trends in the development of the maritime industry in the world, to seek new instruments for optimizing the development of ports. In particular, one of the world leaders in terms of transshipment volumes — the port of Busan — is a good example of the implementation of the port-landlord model in terms of land management within ports and their transfer to port operators based on concession conditions. We plan to move in this direction», — said Raivis Veckagans. The visit to the Republic of Korea is being held at the invitation of the World Bank in the framework of the Green Growth Trust Fund programs, established by the Government of the Republic of Korea and the World Bank. The delegation also includes representatives of the technical support office of reforms of the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine and PJSC «Ukrzaliznytsya».
The Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority (USPA) has announced the open tender procedure for the construction of trailing suction hopper dredger. The technical requirements for the vessel and the qualification requirements for participation in the tender are presented in the electronic system Prozorro. National and international shipbuilding companies are invited to participate. To ensure equal conditions, the tender documentation is published in two languages — Ukrainian and English. The company can submit its proposals to USPA before October 18, 2017. Expected cost of the dredger is 691.2 million UAH. «The program for updating the fleet of the USPA until 2021 provides for the purchase of 20 modern floating facilities. We start its implementation with the purchase of a dredger and in our financial plan for the current year such an investment is laid. Priority of land purchase is dictated by the fact that annually USPA should choose from 8 to 10 million cubic meters of alluvial soil in the framework of operational dredging. Acquisition of the dredger will allow us to increase the volume of such works on our own without involving contractors», — said Raivis Veckagans, the Head of the USPA. At present, the own fleet of the USPA consists of a non-self-propelled dredge «Skif» (dredger includes boatage motor boat MZ-348), hopper dredger «Meotida», hopper dredger «Tiligulsky», hopper dredger «Ingulsky» and dredging convoy «Rion» (dredging convoy includes multi-bucket dredger «Rion», two shalandas — «Crimean 3», «Crimean 9» and boatage motor boat MZ-318). To recall, on June 21, the USPA jointly with the American Chamber of Commerce in Ukraine held the «Ukrainian ShipYard Day», during which it presented a program for renewal of the fleet of the company until 2021. The USPA plans to purchase floating facilities, including six pilot boats, seven multifunctional oil-scavenger vessels, a modern icebreaker to ensure the safety of navigation on the Azov Sea. It is provided for the purchase of a measuring boat and a self-propelled scow for upgrade of the dredging fleet of the enterprise, in addition to the self-propelled dredger.
On September 6, the Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority (USPA), during a business meeting, USPA Designer Workshop 2017 presented to the member companies of the American Chamber of Commerce a program for the construction and reconstruction of the berthing front in the Ukrainian ports. «Today, new approaches in designing, innovative materials and technology are being used all over the world. Ukrainian ports should be competitive, and it is important for the Authority to work with modern practices. We expect that leading global companies will come to us to implement our development projects. We are committed to the most effective cooperation process. Therefore, even before the official announcement of the contest for the selection of contractors, we present the program of development of the berthing front «face to face» to future counterparties», — said Raivis Veckagans, the Head of the SE “USPA”. Representatives of the world leading designers and constructors attended the meeting — AECOM, Boskalis Terramare, Witteveen + Bos, Tebodin, Mott Macdonald, Sellhorn, Fichtner GMBH and others, as well as Ukrainian companies of this profile — «ChernomorNIIproject», «UkrNIIMF», «Mortechinvest», «Research Institute of underground and special construction» and others. Among the proximate construction projects is the reconstruction of berths №№ 11–17 in Chernomorsk seaport. Its implementation will provide a single berth line with a total length of 1150 m for handling Panamax class vessels with a deadweight of up to 100 thousand tons and a draft with a load of up to 13.6 meters, which will give impetus to the development of the port and the attraction of additional cargo flow. To recall, in 2017, the USPA provided for 3.9 billion UAH for capital investment, and a certain part of these funds will go to the construction and reconstruction of berths, as well as other infrastructure transformations in ports. The USPA traditionally holds meetings with the Ukrainian and world business, presenting development projects. Thus, according to the results of the presentation of competitions concerning dredging in Yuzhny seaport, top contractors took part in them. This allowed to save 1.7 billion UAH of state-owned enterprises on two projects in Yuzhny seaport.
In January-June 2017, cargo handling in the seaports of Ukraine has amounted to 66.3 million tons, which is 5% higher than the figures for the same period in 2016. This is evidenced by operational data of the USPA (Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority).  Transshipment of export cargoes at seaports of Ukraine has amounted to 50.9 million tons (an increase of 5.4% compared to similar indicators in 2016), import — 9.4 million tons (an increase of 17.6% from the data for 2016).  The structure of exports has traditionally shown an increase in transshipment of agro-sector products. This is grain — 19.6 million tons (+ 20%) and vegetable oils — 2.9 million tons (+ 33.8%). Transshipment indicators of products of the MMC of Ukraine were reduced; thus, the transshipment of metal products has amounted to 7 million tons (-15%), ore cargoes — 11.6 million tons (-8.6%).  The largest increase in the structure of imports is shown by coal, transshipment of which has amounted to 2.6 million tons (+ 41.5%). This is a perspective and strategic direction, because it is connected with ensuring the energy independence of the country. In addition, we can note the positive dynamics of the growth of import oil products, which is the result of the achieved intergovernmental agreements with Iran and Azerbaijan.  Transshipment of transit cargo has amounted to 5.3 million tons, which is 1.9% more than the previous year and is about 8% of the total volume of cargo handling. Almost twice the rates of transshipment of coal transit has increased, due to the attraction of cargo traffic to the Yuzhny seaport. The transfer of other cargo nomenclature remains at the level of 2016.  The cabotage transit has amounted to 0.6 million tons, which is 61.4% less in comparison with the same period in 2016. The main reason for reducing the level of this indicator is redirection of ore cargoes to the railway in connection with the restoration of the works at the site «Kamish-Zorya — Volnovaha».  The following ports have shown the largest volumes of cargo handling: Yuzhny port – 22.1 million tons (+ 7.3% compared to the same period last year), Odessa – 12.3 million tons (+ 5.6%), Nikolaev – 11.4 million tons (+ 6.3%). The largest increase was recorded in the stevedore seaport «Olvia», it has amounted to 35.2% with a total volume of 3.4 million tons.  Growth of transshipment is noted for almost all types of cargo. The total volume of bulk cargo handling has increased by 11.4%, amounting to 5.7 million tons. The total volume of dry cargo was 47.6 tons, which is 8.1% higher than last year's figures for the same period. Transshipment of containers has amounted to 300 thousand TEU, which is 6.2% more than in the previous year. Export containers handled 132.9 thousand TEU (+ 4.4%), import — 149.2 thousand TEU (+ 4.9%), transit — 17.8 thousand TEU (+ 38.9%), in cabotage — 0.8 thousand TEU (-17.6%). During the reporting period, the seaports of Ukraine have processed 5 672 ships, which is 455 units or 7.4% less than in the same period in 2016.  «We state the steady growth of volumes of cargo handling in seaports since the beginning of 2017. Many factors contribute to this, in particular, the increase of grain exports, and coal imports. However, we plan to improve the transshipment rates by launching new investment projects, development and construction of new port facilities, dredging and reviewing of port dues. We expect that these measures will contribute to even greater growth dynamics», — said Raivis Veckagans the head of the USPA.  The information regarding the full overview of cargo turnover for this period in the context of the nomenclature of cargoes, ports, etc. can be found via the link.


The Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority (USPA) was established in Ukraine four years ago. The main goal of creating a new state enterprise was the division of economic and administrative functions. All strategic port assets were transferred to the USPA balance: berths, water areas, channels to which equal access should be provided as for state as well as for private stevedores. 18 separate branches were established in the Ukrainian ports. All port dues were transferred to the USPA accounts so that it could correctly allocate funds in accordance with the port development strategy and government policy of industry management. «The establishment of the USPA was the starting point in the maritime industry reform. The reform should have been not 4 years ago, but 20 years earlier. Ukraine would have a completely different situation in the ports, especially in terms of working with investors. This is the main mistake of the predecessors,» said Raivis Veckagans, the current Head of the Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority, to the CTS, adding: «It is unworthily of me to discuss the flaws of the USPA management from June 2017. Such nuance as unfair separating balances leads today to land confusion, but at the time of the USPA creation, the task of not letting down the economy of newly created enterprises was more important than the purity of the process, because many state ports did not exist on account of stevedoring activity, but port dues. Yes, there were many good projects that were never finished, but „stalled“ at a certain stage for various reasons. The pace of renewing the infrastructure could be more dynamic … But there were achievements too, such as creation of team, introduction of information systems and registers that systematize a wide range of data on port performance, simplification of the procedures for vessels handling, and point projects for dredging and repairing the port infrastructure. My task is to be a hundred times more efficient and continue the reform of the maritime industry. We are aiming to show a new quality of Ukrainian ports work — without corruption, with large-scale investment projects, favorable conditions for shippers and port workers, with new international partners, as transparent as possible. We are doing well according to the projects that have been launched this year».
Транспортный поток через Украину снижается шесть лет подряд. Ставит ли война крест на транзитной привлекательности государства? Всемирный банк регулярно публикует масштабный отчет Logistics Performance Index – рейтинг логистической привлекательности стран. В 2010‑м Украина занимала в нем 102‑е место, в 2012‑м поднялась уже на 66‑е, а в 2014‑м добралась до 61‑й строки. Однако реальные показатели работы транспорта говорят о куда менее радостной картине. Шестой год подряд Украина теряет объемы транзита. В мирном 2013 году от экспорта транспортных услуг наша страна выручила $8,6 млрд, что составляет 4,7% ВВП. Много это или мало? В Латвии, которая находится на 36‑й позиции рейтинга Всемирного банка, доходы от транзита формируют 12% валового внутреннего продукта. В отечественной транзитной выручке наибольшая доля пришлась на «трубу» – $3,3 млрд. На втором месте – железная дорога с $1,6 млрд. Но за девять месяцев 2014 года (более полных данных пока нет) украинские транзитные заработки по сравнению с аналогичным периодом 2013‑го сократились на 21%, до $4,7 млрд. Причем самый глубокий спад затронул трубопроводный и железнодорожный транспорт: минус 27 и 35% соответственно. «Укрзалізниця» – крупнейший перевозчик страны – начала терять транзитную выручку давно. В 2012‑м транзит рухнул почти на 18% в натуральных показателях. С учетом потерь 2014‑го за эти три года железная дорога лишилась почти 20 млн т грузов. Это очень много – примерно столько же прошло в 2014-м транзитом через все украинские порты. Кстати, в них ситуация не лучше: минус 9% в тоннах без учета Крыма и минус 29%, если его учитывать. Что собой представляет транзит через Украину? В 2013 году Россия была страной происхождения для каждой шестой тонны, перевезенной морским транспортом, для каждой пятой – автомобильным плюс почти 70% железнодорожного транзита и почти 100% – трубопроводного. Если добавить Казахстан, Беларусь и Молдову, то получим 95% всей грузовой базы транзита. Основные товарные группы – газ, нефть и нефтепродукты, руды, черные металлы, удобрения, продукты неорганической химии. Восточный сосед давно взял курс на то, чтобы его грузы обходили Украину стороной. Россия еще в 2012‑м приняла Стратегию развития морской портовой инфраструктуры до 2030 года, в которой обозначила задачу сократить объемы перевалки своих грузов в портах сопредельных стран. В год принятия документа через порты соседних стран РФ отправила около 100 млн т собственных грузов – 17% ее портового грузооборота. К 2015‑му эта доля должна была сократиться до 8,2%, а к 2030‑му – до 4,1%. Этой цели россияне подчинили свою тарифную, инвестиционную и регуляторную политику на транспорте. Так что дело не только в войне. Украине следовало озаботиться поиском других грузов, а также сделать свои транспортные госмонополии более дружественными к клиентам. «По нашей компании транзит снижается уже давно. С 2008 года его спад составил 81%. Причина – в неадекватной политике «Укрзалізниці», как тарифной, так и по управлению своим парком», – утверждает гендиректор экспедиторской компании «Пакобо» Василий Палко. По его словам, военные действия отражаются на транзите не очень сильно, поскольку затрагивают лишь небольшую часть территории. Тенденция характерна для всего экспедиторского бизнеса, стивидорных компаний и даже авиаперевозчиков. Например, авиакомпания МАУ после обвала курса гривны все надежды связывает с транзитом, но испытывает трудности из‑за нынешнего военного имиджа Украины. В 2013 году компания Roland Berger Stra­te­­­­­gy Consultants с центральным офисом в Мюнхене разрабатывала для Министерства инфраструктуры Стратегию развития морских портов Украины до 2020 года. Еще тогда специалисты фирмы прогнозировали, что доля транзита в портах будет сокращаться. Это связано с созданием более благоприятных условий в Румынии, Болгарии и странах Балтии, а также с развитием портовых мощностей России, отмечает эксперт компании Мария Михайленко. Литва, Латвия и Эстония смогли перетянуть на себя значительную часть грузопотоков по линии Азия – Европа. Еще в начале 2000‑х здесь начали создаваться свободные экономические зоны. Схема привела к настоящему инвестиционному буму. За девять лет работы Клайпедского порта инвесторы вложили в его развитие 230 млн евро, и за это время грузооборот порта вырос в 2,4 раза. В Рижский порт на протяжении 10 лет было инвестировано более 270 млн евро, перевалка увеличилась в 2,6 раза. Большинству украинских портов такие темпы и инвестиции даже не снились. «Потенциал Украины для морского транзита – это транзитные потоки ТRАСЕСА», – говорит Михайленко. ТRАСЕСА – межправительственная комиссия, созданная с целью развития транспортных коридоров Европа – Кавказ – Азия. Сквозное падение Но «трасековские» грузы не смогут компенсировать падение российского транзита через Украину (свыше 27 млн т с 2008 по 2014 год). Даже если ТRАСЕСА возьмет на себя всю несырьевую торговлю между странами – участницами коридора и Евросоюзом, Украина сможет претендовать примерно на половину этого объема, то есть на 6 млн т, подсчитали в Roland Berger еще до начала конфликта в стране. ТRАСЕСА нередко фигурирует в заявлениях отечественных чиновников как панацея для лечения транзитных болезней. Но в распоряжении Forbes есть исследование экспертов этой межправительственной комиссии. В нем проведено сравнение трех альтернативных транспортных коридоров: трансроссийского, или северного, трансиранского, или южного, и транскавказского. Только последний идет через Украину. Но у него оказались самые плохие показатели в отношении скорости, стоимости, надежности доставки. Более всего негативному рейтингу способствовали сложность прохождения таможенных процедур и недостаточно гармонизированная документация между странами – участницами маршрута. Казахстан, Россия и Беларусь, которые в рамках Таможенного союза максимально унифицировали свои процедуры, получили самый высокий индекс логистической привлекательности. А как же высокие оценки Всемирного банка для Украины? Его критерии связаны скорее с физическим состоянием транспортной и логистической инфраструктуры. ТRАСЕСА же оценивает маршрут комплексно. Конечно, полностью транзита Украина не лишится. Частные компании будут привлекать грузы собственными силами. Но чтобы серьезно поменять ситуацию, должно подключиться государство, вернее, несколько государств. forbes.ua
Вчера Европейский банк реконструкции и развития (ЕБРР) сообщил о предоставлении крупному молдавскому трейдеру Trans-Oil Group кредита на $ 25 млн. Средства будут направлены на расширение мощностей их зернового терминала в молдавском речном порту Джурджулешты, а также покупку и модернизацию мощностей по хранению зерна в украинском морском торговом порту (МТР) Рени. Молдавские инвестицииПропускной способности порта в Молдове уже не хватает, чтобы справляться с нынешними объемами грузов, поэтому Trans-Oil Group стала арендовать зернохранилище в Рени, говорится в сообщении. Приобретение и последующая модернизация терминала в порту Рени, как ожидают в компании, позволит к 2017 г. в пять раз увеличить объемы хранения зерна. Кроме того, услугами терминала смогут воспользоваться и независимые экспортеры. За последний год благодаря молдавским экспортерам в порту увеличилась перевалка зерновых почти вдвое, заявил «Капиталу» начальник Ренийского морского торгового порта Сергей Строя. По его словам, помимо Trans-Oil Group, есть и другие молдавские трейдеры, которые собираются инвестировать в порт — в частности, в ремонт складов, строительство новых емкостей и оборудования для хранения и перевалки зерна. Собеседник отметил: при участии молдавских компаний в ближайшее время планируется строительство новых объектов портовой инфраструктуры. ЕвропроектыВ этом году активизировались работы и по развитию других портов страны. ЕБРР выделил $ 60 млн стивидорной компании «Бруклин-Киев» для строительства зерноперевалочного комплекса мощностью 4,5 млн т в год в Одесском морском торговом порту. Проект реализуется в соответствии с соглашением между «Бруклин-Киев» и компанией Louis Dreyfus Commodities. В 2015 г. банк продолжит финансирование проектов портовой инфраструктуры в Украине, сообщил «Капиталу» старший советник представительства ЕБРР в Украине Антон Усов. Он уточнил, что банк рассчитывает в основном выделять средства на развитие зерноперевалочных мощностей в морских гаванях, а ближайшим проектом может стать кредитование строительства еще одного крупного объекта в Одесском ТП. Однако получателя средств и профиль объекта эксперт не назвал. ПланыВ Администрации морских портов Украины (АМПУ) рассчитывают, что развитие портового хозяйства и дальше будет осуществляться в рамках государственно-частного партнерства. АМПУ в начале года утвердила план развития портов: краткосрочный (на 3 года), среднесрочный (на 9 лет) и долгосрочный (на 24 года). Предусматривается как проведение дноуглубительных работ, так и строительство и реконструкция гидротехнических сооружений, а также тыловой инфраструктуры портов.Дноуглубительные работы реконструкция причалов уже дают плоды: в ноябре возобновится паромное сообщение Украины и Турции в Скадовском МТП, а порт «Южный» благодаря увеличению проходной осадки с 14,5 до 18,5 м смог привлечь в 2014 г. дополнительно от портовых сборов 12 млн грн в месяц. В АМПУ также сообщили «Капиталу», что в планах на 2015 г. — продолжение дноуглубительных работ в большинстве портов страны. Также намечено строительство новых терминалов практически во всех крупных и средних МТП страны, заявил изданию первый заместитель председателя АМПУ Юрий Васьков. Он добавил, что участники рынка ждут формирования нового правительства, чтобы понять, куда двигаться дальше. Впрочем, в Мининфраструктуры сказали «Капиталу», что сегодня многие грузоотправители не желают заходить в украинские порты не столько из за устаревших мощностей и малых глубин, сколько по причине зарегулированной процедуры прохождения таможенного и другого вида контроля. Такая ситуация сдерживает желание инвесторов начинать строительство объектов портовой инфраструктуры, поскольку нет понимания, смогут ли эти вложения окупиться в таких условиях. Один из собеседников «Капитала» в ведомстве сообщил, что чиновники прорабатывают вопрос о создании во всех портах свободных экономических зон, что позволит снизить таможенные сборы, упростить прохождение грузов, ввести для инвесторов в портах, которые будут строить или модернизировать объекты инфраструктуры, налоговые каникулы. www.capital.ua


According to the order of the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine of 06.16.2014 #255 «On closure of seaports», registered in the Ministry of Justice of 06.24.2014 № 690/25467 Ukraine closes to international shipping the following seaports, which are located on the territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea: Yevpatoriya, Kerch, Sevastopol, Feodosia and Yalta. This document was adopted pursuant to the Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of 30.4.2014 #578-p «Some issues on functioning of the sea and river transport» and in accordance with the Procedure for opening and closing the ports, approved by Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of 11/7/2013 #495.




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